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November 10, 2001 - November 10, 2001

CERS tests find unedible contents in branded edible oils Saturday, November 10, 2001

News Source : Times News Network
The in-house comparative product testing laboratory of Consumer Education and Research Society (CERS) here has detected adulteration in some 60 brands of edible oil of eight types. Some brands were under weight, some did not conform to Agmark standards despite the logo, and still some others revealed rancidity.

Although almost all the brands met the limits of the PFA Act for the 0.5 parts per million (ppm) limit on lead, a cumulative poison, two groundnut oil brands _ Dhara and Rajmoti _ could not meet the 0.1 ppm limit under Codex, the international standard.

CERS said oilseeds can get contaminated with fungus, which produces aflatoxin, a poison. One sample of groundnut oil was adulterated with cottonseed oil. Amrut, Dharti and two loose samples did not conform to the Bellier's Turbidity Test for adulteration. In the saponification value test for adulteration, Dharti and Rajmoti did not conform. Amrut, Kiran and Rajmoti were found rancid.

All the packs of Appu, Ginni, Kiran, Postman, Safal and Sunsweet had less than the labelled weight. On an average, Postman gave almost 9 gm less in every pack. But Bhoomi, Dharti and Rajmoti gave more than the labelled weight.

Among the mustard oil brands, Dhara, Double Hiran, Engine, Hafed and Kempro did not comply with the Codex levels for lead. Refractive Index indicates adulteration. Appu, Hafed, Kolhu, P-Mark and Mastaan did not conform to this parameter as per the PFA Act. In the specific gravity test for adulteration, Double Hiran, an Agmark brand, did not conform to the Agmark range. Another Agmark brand, P-Mark, did not meet the BIS and Agmark levels of the natural essential volatile oil _ allyl isothiocyanate. Two loose samples did not pass the Bellier's Turbidity Test. Neem oil was found in two loose samples.

Double Hiran and a loose sample were rancid. A high acid value indicates rancidity. Kempro, an Agmark brand, showed a higher acid value than the Agmark and BIS levels.

All 20 packs of Appu, Double Hiran, Kempro, Kolhu and Mastaan gave less than the labelled weight in every one of their packs. Engine and Uday gave more in every one of their packs.

Among the cottonseed oils, Amrut and Tirupati did not conform to the test for rancidity as per the PFA Act and the BIS. One loose sample did not conform to the tests for iodine value and refractive index. All packs of Amrut and Rishi gave less than the labelled weight.

Among sesame oils, Kempro showed rancidity and a high acid value. Also, it did not conform to the BIS levels for the Baudoin test, indicating poor quality.

Among the sunflower oils, Crystal did not conform to the limits of lead. Checked against Codex, Cooklite, Dhara Health and Sunsleek did not conform.

Sunsleek did not conform to rancidity as per the PFA Act, the BIS and the Agmark. Also, Chaksun, Kamani and Sunsleek showed peroxide values well over the BIS levels, indicating rancidity.

Sundrop had a flash point below the minimum level fixed by the PFA Act, BIS and Agmark.

Among coconut oils, Kera Popular did not clear the Codex levels for lead. One loose sample was adulterated with cottonseed oil.

Among palm oils, Ruchi Gold, Unique as well as samples taken from the PDS. PDS-Maninagar and PDS-Naroda were rancid. Unique and PDS-Naroda showed double the peroxide levels prescribed by the BIS, indicating rancidity. A high iodine value indicates a tendency for the oil to turn rancid sooner. Ruchi Gold did not conform to the PFA Act for iodine value.

In the blended oil category, CERS tested Saffola, a mix of safflower oil and corn oil , which conformed to all tests. But 17 out of 20 packs gave less than the labelled weight.

News Source : The Times of India [India's best Newspaper]




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Sterilisation of dogs to begin in December Saturday, November 10, 2001

News Source : Times News Network
VADODARA: Alarmed by the killing of 20 dogs in the city, the VMC will expedite its plans to begin sterilisation of dogs. NGOs held a meeting with VMC officials to discuss the programme on Wednesday.

According to sources in the VMC, the sterilisation programme will kick off from December 1. Earlier, the VMC standing committee had given the nod to the programme.

Animal lovers had raised a hue and cry after about 20 dogs were killed in Fatehgunj area of the city. The dogs were allegedly poisoned by local residents along with a VMC employee. A police complaint was lodged over the incident.

The meeting on Wednesday was attended by four NGOs including Vadodara Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Gujarat Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals land V-Care. These organisations insisted that the programme must begin at the earliest to prevent further incidents of killing of dogs.

According to the present arrangement, VMC will be responsible for impounding dogs. The NGOs' job will be to sterilise the dogs and take care of them till they recover after the operation.

News Source : The Times of India [India's best Newspaper]




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Three held for dacoity in Surat Saturday, November 10, 2001

News Source : Times News Network
AHMEDABAD: Three persons belonging to Uttar Pradesh were arrested by the Surat district police when they were escaping after looting a businessman on his way to a bank on Friday afternoon. The businessman, Rajubhai Vinodbhai Modi, was carrying Rs 5 lakh with him.

The incident took place at around 12.15 pm when Modi was on his way to the Dena Bank in Kolvad village of Kamrej taluka. Some four persons came and held him up with a country revolver and a knife. They then snatched the bag of money from him. Three of them, however, tried to escape with the bag on a motorbike (GJ5-AJ 2786), but the passers-by caught them and beat them up.

One of them managed to escape while the rest were arrested by the Surat district police. A case was filed at the Kamrej police station in this regard.

The arrested have been identified as Jawaharsingh Samaysingh Jadhav from Meerut, Balajikumar Premsingh Chamar and Ranpalsingh Sesaram Chamar, both from Muzzafarnagar. The site was visited by Dy SP C P Dalal.

News Source : The Times of India [India's best Newspaper]


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Crime conviction rate in Gujarat only 6-8%: DGP Saturday, November 10, 2001

News Source : Times News Network
AHMEDABAD: Cyber crime is going to be the biggest challenge for investigators in the future in which the country needs to invest much more to facilitate investigation, feel forensic analysts.

In Ahmedabad to attend the '13th All India forensic science conference', director general of the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) V N Singh told TNN on Thursday that while cyber and syndicated crime were the newest trends in the crime scene, "India has not invested much in the investigation of cyber crime."

He feels the events of September 11 were proof enough of the fact that the crime was masterminded outside the US, possibly using the internet and external funding.

Singh's other observation is that while detection has improved with the use of latest scientific techniques, the conviction rate in the country is as low as nine per cent. And the rate is only between six and eight per cent in Gujarat, according to director general of Gujarat police K Chakravarthi.

Director of FSL Gujarat, J M Vyas, said at a press meet earlier that the three-day conference to begin on Friday would discuss the imbalance between crime and conviction. Chief Minister Narendra Modi is expected to inaugurate the meet, to be attended by additional director of CBI, Vijay Shanker. Chakravarthi also inaugurated the Forensic Science Laboratory's website, gujaratFSLorg.com.

In an interview to TNN Singh said, "criminals are now operating as syndicates and crime has become a profit-generating business." Chief forensic scientist of BPR&D Dr M S Rao feels that white-collared crime has become the newest menace, "but their volume is still low." Yet, at Hyderabad, BPR&D has established computer forensic units and has already examined about eight cases, said Dr Rao.

DNA fingerprinting, which had helped detect the suicide bomber in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case, will also be discussed at length at this meet.

Although forensic science has advanced as far as detecting a criminal from DNA fingerprints or by voice identification, forensic scientists, feels Singh, "cannot be forthcoming". BPR&D is only a facilitator in crime investigation. "We can examine the exhibit only if the investigator brings it to us, but we can't coerce him," he notes.

Earlier at the press conference, Vyas said FSL would use the voice identification system which is till now used only by the Anti-Corruption Bureau and CBI.

Yet, feels Singh, 'speech independent identification' is one area yet to be introduced in India. The three-day conference is also expected to bring out newer areas of investigation that needs to be upgraded. Apart from case studies, the conference will also have paper presentations on physical and chemical sciences, photography, explosives, mass liquor poisoning, building collapse cases in earthquakes, computer forensic and narco-analysis.

News Source : The Times of India [India's best Newspaper]





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Man murdered in Bapunagar Saturday, November 10, 2001

News Source : Times News Network
AHMEDABAD: One person was killed in Bapunagar following a quarrel which arose over a monetary dispute on Thursday evening.

According to police, Babu Kaniya, a resident of Panna near Hassain Sayed ni Darga, had entered into a fight with Mohammad Ansari over some monetary dispute. Ansari Ijas Hussain, a relative of Mohammad Ansari, had intervened and stopped the fight. Enraged over this, Babu and his friend Salim Chipa went to Ijas Hussain's house and attacked him with hockey sticks and swords.

When Hussain's brother Safi-ur-Rehman tried to protect him, Chipa shot him with a country-made pistol. The bullet hit Rehman's chest and he died on the way to hospital.

Accused gets remand in RDX case: The fourth accused in the RDX and arms seizure case was remanded in police custody by a Radhanpur court on Friday.

The accused, Aquib, was handed over to CBI for custodial interrogation till November 18, by the judicial magistrate (first class) Radhanpur. The accused was arrested two days back in Haryana.

The other three accused, Asabuddin Abdulbhai, Abdulsubhan Suleiman Rahura and Munsan Khan Riaz Khan were produced before the JM (FC) Radhanpur on Thursday and were remanded in police custody till November 17.

CBI had a few days back intercepted a truck, laden with RDX, arms, ammunitions and other accessories in Patan district which was allegedly heading towards Delhi. The four accused, accompanying the consignment, had escaped after abandoning the truck.

The accused have been booked under section 1 of the Explosives Substance Act, section 25 of Arms Act and section 120(B) of IPC. The anti-terrorist squad has also been intimated about the remand and interrogations will now begin, police sources said.

News Source : The Times of India [India's best Newspaper]



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