Govt jobs to be cut by 2% every year Wednesday, February 28, 2001
NEW DELHI: The Central government staff strength would be reduced by two per cent per annum to achieve the target of 10 per cent in five years, finance minister Yashwant Sinha announced in Parliament Wednesday.
Presenting the Budget for 2001-02, finance minister Yashwant Sinha said all requirements of recruitment to the Central government will be scrutinised to limit fresh induction of civilian staff to one per cent. About three per cent staff retire every year.
Other measures include moderate revision of postal rates to help contain rising postal deficit and increase in standard licence fee on government accommodation from April 1, 2001.
He said recommendations of the expenditure reforms commission would be implemented by July 31, 2001 and identified surplus staff transferred to surplus pool.
This pool would be streamlined to re-deploy and retain surplus staff.
It has also been decided to suspend LTC facility to Central government employees for two years for the remaining part of the four-year block period except for employees entitled to the last LTC before retirement.
Sinha's strategy - reforms on the top priority, sheds on expenditure Wednesday, February 28, 2001
NEW DELHI: The Union Budget for 2001-02 attempts to accelerate growth through stringent control of non-productive expenditure, rationalisation of subsidies, intensification of infrastructure investment and acceleration of the privatisation process.
Presenting the Budget, finance minister Yashwant Sinha said the Indian economy had continued to exhibit both growth and resilience over the last few years.
Speeding up of agricultural sector reforms and better management of the food economy.
Intensification of infrastructure investment, continued reform in the financial sector and capital markets, and deepening of structural reforms through removal of remaining controls constraining economic activity.
Human development through better educational opportunities and programmes of social security
Stringent expenditure control of non-productive expenditure, rationalisation of subsidies and improvement in the quality of government expenditure
Acceleration of the privatisation process and restructuring of public enterprises.
Revenue enhancement through widening of the tax base and administration of a fair and equitable tax regime.
AGRICUTLURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
The government has already announced the first-ever national policy on agriculture. The provision of adequate credit flow is critical for agricultural production. Total credit flow to agriculture through institutional channels of commercial banks, cooperative banks and regional rural banks is estimated to have reached a level of Rs 51,500 crore this year, an increase of about 15 per cent over last year.
It is expected to increase to Rs 64,000 crore in 2001-02 representing an increase of 24 per cent. In order to ensure continued healthy growth of the agricultural sector, the finance minister proposed a number of steps:
To help the states, the interest rate charged by Nabard will be reduced from 11.5 per cent to 10.5 per cent. The corpus of the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) VII will be increased from Rs 4500 crore to Rs 5000 crore next year.
Banks will be asked to accelerate kisan credit cards to cover all eligible agricultural farmers within the next three years. The premium burden on this account will be shared by the card-issuing institutions.
Nabard and SIDBI were asked to link one lakh self-help groups during the current year. A micro-finance development fund has also been set up in nabard with contribution of Rs 40 crore each by Nabard and RBI.
Nabard was permitted to issue capital gains tax exemption bonds last year. This has helped Nabard to mobilise more than Rs 1000 crore at lower than normal interest rates thereby reducing its cost of funds. This tax exemption would continue.
The resources from the Watershed Development Fund set up in Nabard would be used to promote people's participation and also enable water users' associations to implement, operate and maintain irrigation schemes.
In 1999, a credit-linked subsidy scheme for the construction of cold storages for perishable commodities was announced. The finance minister has announced the extension of this scheme to cover rural godowns also. The loans would carry an adequate long-term repayment period and would enable individuals, cooperative societies and others to build godowns.
This scheme will enable small farmers to enhance their holding capacity in order to sell their produce at remunerate prices. Nabard will reduce its rate of interest from 10 per cent to 8.5 per cent. Small farmers will particularly benefit from this scheme by avoiding distress sales.
A sum of Rs 61 crore has been provided for the centrally sponsored scheme on ''on-farm water management for increasing crop production in eastern India''.
A new scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) was launched with the objective of undertaking time-bound programmes to fulfil the critical needs of the rural people. A central allocation of Rs 2,500 crore was provided for 2000-01. Half of the diesel cess is earmarked for development of rural roads.
A package of initiatives has been announced to improve power distribution in rural areas. The initiatives include extension of assistance to the states for village electrification works under the PMGY, stepping up credit support from the Rural Electrification Corporation to SEBs for speedy electrification of Dalit bastis, households of Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections of society, improving the quality of power supply in villages and augmentation of distribution networks in rural areas and earmarking a sum of at least Rs 750 crore for rural electrification works.
MANAGEMENT OF THE FOOD ECONOMY
To give an enlarged role to state governments in both procurement and distribution of foodgrains for PDS in their respective states, instead of providing subsidised foodgrains, financial assistance would be provided to the state governments to enable them to procure and distribute foodgrains to BPL families at subsidised rates. Details for operationalising these arrangements will be worked out in consultation with the state governments.
The government proposes to review the operation of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955, and remove many of the restrictions imposed on the free inter-state movement of foodgrains and agricultural produce and also on the storage and stocking of such commodities.
POWER: The importance of power in fuelling economic growth cannot be over emphasised. The total cost to the state electricity boards of implicit subsidies amounts to about Rs 36,000 crore this year. After accounting for cross-subsidy and state subventions, actual commercial losses of all SEBs combined are estimated to be about Rs 24,000 crore.
The total dues owed to central government utilities by SEBs and others now amount to over Rs 25,000 crore. In order to help accelerate the reform process in the power sector and to unify all existing central legislations in the sector, the plan outlay for central sector power utilities is being raised from Rs 9,194 crore this year to Rs 10,030 crore for 2001-02.
HIGHWAYS: The National Highway Development Programme (NHDP) represents a new road vision for this country. The key to government's success in accelerating the road development programme lies in its bold policy of levying a cess on petrol and diesel as a user charge for road usage. The cess has paved the way for integrated road development in the country, including village roads, district roads, state roads and national highways. Rs 962 crore from the cess fund is being made available to states for state roads. The total plan outlay for this sector is being enhanced by 93 per cent to Rs 8727 crore in 2001-02.
COMMUNICATIONS: Having recognised the imperatives of technological change in this area, the government proposes to introduce the Convergence Bill to cover telecommunications, information technology and information and broadcasting sectors in an integrated manner.
Successful investment is being enabled by the setting up of economic tariff levels. The infrastructure sector will be enabled to raise long-term funds, particularly with the opening of the insurance sector.
TEXTILES: The finance minister has announced a textile package. At least 50,000 new shuttleless looms and the modernisation of 2.5 lakh plain looms to automatic looms are expected to take place by 2004 through funding from the Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS). The Budget provision under TUFS is being raised from Rs 50 crore this year to Rs 200 crore in the next year. The Budget allocation for the ministry of textiles is being enhanced substantially from Rs 457 crore in 2000-01 to Rs 650 crore in 2001-02.
Recognising the need for increasing investments in social sectors, the plan allocation for the ministry of health and family welfare has been stepped up from Rs 4920 crore to Rs 5780 crore. This includes an allocation of Rs 180 crore for HIV/AIDS control programme.
A new scheme for strengthening the state drug testing laboratories and pharmacies has been announced to provide Indian systems of medicine and homeopathy benefits similar to the pharmaceutical industry.
An integrated national education programme - the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan - has been launched for universalising elementary education and a national mission constituted with the Prime Minister as chairman. All existing schemes on elementary education will converge with this scheme after the Ninth Plan and it will cover all districts in the country by March next year.
Narmada waters for Rajkot by March 31: Officials Wednesday, February 28, 2001
RAJKOT: Residents of Rajkot, Gondal, Dhoraji and Jetpur have once again been told by Gujarat Water Supply Board authorities that Narmada waters would reach Rajkot by March 31.
Joint director (publicity) of the board Kishore Anjaria said Narmada waters had reached Botad through lifting from Pariej lake. Bhavnagar would also be supplied Narmada waters by next week.
After this, plans were on to bring Narmada waters to Gondal via Chavand, Babra, Chamardi and Vasvada. Anjaria said Rajkot citizens would be supplied water from Jambudia Vidi and also from local tubewells. People of Gondal, Jetpur and Dhoraji would also be supplied 5 MLD each from Narmada.
New collector promises to continue Mukim's legacy Wednesday, February 28, 2001
VADODARA: If former collector Anil Mukim made his mark on the administration horizon with his e-governance plans and model project, the new collector Bhagyesh Jha might carve out his space by extending the benefits of e-governance to the rural populace.
Promising to continue Mukim's legacy, Jha told reporters that he aimed to make the district another model that would be the first in state to implement vision 2010.
"Vadodara should and will repeat itself as a model and be the first to imbibe and implement the concept of Vision 2010", Jha said. He observed an important task was to including the rural Vadodara the e-governance fold. He said that this would be achieved through integrating citizens rights charter and e-governance.
"In other words we want to implement the citizens' rights charter through e-governance. Our focus would be talukas and villages. Special emphasis would be laid on the development of tribal areas. We will put up information kiosks in villages and strive at spreading computer literacy at taluka and village level", Jha said.
He said that as Kheda collector, he has successfully implemented the citizens rights charter and would like to repeat the same here.
"We also want to put records of land revenue department on net. We want to arrive at such a stage that a person sitting in New York can see documents of his land in small village here on the net", he said.
Jha stressed on setting social development index for each department under the collectorate. "Every department will be given targets and a time frame to achieve them", he said. He added that the district administration was also looking forward to a symbiotic relationship with the non-government organisations (NGOs). Besides having professional penchant for administration and management, Jha is also a poet and is fond of Sanskrit literature.
He termed his new assignment as district collector Vadodara as a journey from 'sakshar bhumi to sanskar bhumi'.
Bhuj polytechnic to be rebuilt on same site: Barot Wednesday, February 28, 2001
AHMEDABAD: Higher education minister Bharat Barot has announced that the devastated Polytechnic Engineering College (PEC) in Bhuj will be rebuilt on the same premises. "The college will be reconstructed at the same place as an earthquake-proof structure and opened for students shortly," assured Barot on his visit to the quake-affected college on Monday.
Nineteen-odd polytechnic colleges in Kutch have suffered a staggering loss of an estimated Rs 100 crore with those in Bhuj, Morbi and Adipur being the most affected.
Even as the ministry readily transferred students of Bhuj Government Engineering College to LD Engineering College here almost instantly after the quake, fate of polytechnic students still hangs in the balance as they have neither been transferred nor any alternative arrangements made so far.
Meanwhile, rumours have started doing rounds that the polytechnic college in Bhuj and its entire staff will be relocated elsewhere, precipitating fears that the students might stand to lose the entire semester.
Quelling all such doubts despite the pathetic state of affairs, Barot assured the students that the government has drawn up definite plans to ensure that they do not lose their semester and that their interests remain fully protected.
He stressed that there was no move whatsoever to transfer the staff and all professors and lecturers preferring to remain in Bhuj will be accommodated. "The thought of transferring teachers has not even crossed the state government. Any such speculation is nothing but rumours," he clarified.
Barot also discussed the extent of damages at both Polytechnic and Lalan college with Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation (GMDC) chairman and Bhuj MLA Mukesh Zaveri and assured that demands for required tents and pre-fabricated sheds to resume teaching in both the colleges will be fulfilled at the earliest.