of the state's oldest cities, Surat, has been India's
ancient trading centre. Since long, traders from
across the seven seas had links with this city. Known
for silks, textiles, spices and exquisite diamond
cutting and polishing, Surat was described as "a
storehouse of the most precious production of
Hindustan" by a Portuguese traveller Barbosa in
1514. The city's industrialisation began nearly a
century later when the Britishers set up the first
factory in 1612. Surat has been one of the most
prosperous of India's cities in the 17th and 18th
In Mughal times, Surat was the main port from which
pilgrims sailed to Mecca. Textiles for ceremonial and
utility purposes, wood lacquer and ivory handicrafts,
embroidery and jewellery had great demand in the world
market then. Fine silver and gold jewellery crafted in
Surat is srill a rage here, but this southern most
city of the state is today more known for diamond
cutting and polishing industry besides the jari and
art silk produced there.
of interest in Surat
Old Fort was built by Muhammad Tughlak in the 14th
century to fortify the defense against the Bhils.
ancient Dutch gardens, the Dutch cemetery and Makaipul,
the ancient original port from where the ships sailed
to other parts of the world are other attractions.
nearly 100 years old Sardar Patel Museum has over
10,000 specimens of arts and crafts. *Rangupavan, an
open air theatre with 18 metres by 10.5 metres stage
and a capacity of around 4000 spectators is one of the
biggest in the country.
vast and active textile market testifies its
importance in the textile trade even today.
Surat one can go to Dumas, an excellent health resort
which overlooks the Arabian sea is about'16 kms from
Surat. There are a number of cottages available for
visitors to stay and relax.
well known health resort is Hajira, south west of
Surat on the creek of the Arabian sea. Hajira has two
wells with water rich in iron and sulphur. The
pleasant Hajira beach is fringed by feathery casurina
trees. Hajira is situated 28 kms from Surat.
Another important landmark which gives antiquity to
Surat is Unai with its hot springs some 64 kms from
Surat. They find reference in the puranic literature
and are believed to have been created by Lord Ram, the
hero of the epic Ramayan, by shooting an arrow in the
is another fine, sandy beach with a backdrop of shady
palm groves, situated about 42 kms from Surat.
about 108 kms from Surat and 5 kms. from Valsad on the
Mumbai - Baroda Western Railway route, Timal, is a
beautiful sandy beach fringed with palm-sheltered
at Bardoli, about 34 kms from Surat has become a place
of pilgrimage in India. Gandhiji had launched a
farmer's satyagraha in 1921-22 under the leadership of
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
the coastline of Gujarat and about 50 - 55 kms from
Surat, lies Dandi where the story of salt was scripted
with the famous Dandi March Satyagraha, in 1930, led
by Mahatma Gandhi. The Salt Sayagraha proved to be the
beginning of the end of the British Empire in India.
multipurpose irrigation project of Gujarat is situated
at Ukai, about 94 kms from Surat.
Vansada Nadonal Park, situated in valsad district is a
home to leopards, tigers, panthers and wild boars. The
best time to visit is between October and March.
best known hill resort, Saputara - literally, the
Abode of Serpents, is situated atop the second highest
plateau in the Sahyadri range and in the midst of
thick forests. Saputara has all the necessary
amenities like hotels, parks, swimming pools, boat
club, theatres and a museum to ensure an enjoyable
holiday. Saputara is 164 kms from Surat.
to reach !
Various domestic airlines connect Mumbai &
Bhavnagar to Surat.
It is on the western railway line of Mumbai -
Delhi & Mumbai - Ahmedabad.
State Transport buses and private luxury coaches from Surat
connects various centres of
Gujarat. Surat is approximately 297 kms from Mumbai, 155 kms from Baroda
and 275 kms from Ahmedabad.
at your reach !
Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian food is available at various hotels and
STD / ISD facilities arc available.
Private hired cars and minibuses are available for local transport.
The Toran Chain of Hotels, run by the Tourism
Corporation of Gujarat are available at Surat &
reservations at any of these facilities you can
contact the nearest office of TCGL.